Research Methods in Health
Research Methods in Health
4 Nov 2016
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- Written to be inclusive of all health professions, fostering a team-based approach to health care practice.
- Covers qualitative, quantitative and mixed method research methods.
- Shows how to decide which research method to use and when.
- Draws sensible links between evidence-based practice and research methodology.
- Introduces ways in which you can make sense of the research data you have collected and instructions on how to write up the data in a more meaningful way.
NEW TO THIS EDITION
- New chapter 2: Getting started: Research Design and Evidence-Based Practice – on designing and planning a research project. It looks at salient issues that researchers must consider in designing and planning for their research. It illustrates the differences between qualitative and quantitative research and includes content on literature review and research proposals.
- More material on how to critically evaluate qualitative, quantitative and mixed method research
- Updated references and examples
- More on evidence-based practice and systematic review
- More nursing examples included
- A guided tour is included to assist navigation and explain how to best take advantage of the learning features used throughout.
Chapter Objectives – identify the material that students will cover in each chapter
1. THE SCIENCE OF WORDS AND THE SCIENCE OF NUMBERS
Evidence and evidence-based practice
Research designs: which one?
Ontology and epistemology
Qualitative and quantitative approaches: a comparison
Research rigour: trustworthiness and reliability/validity
2. GETTING STARTED: DESIGNING AND PLANNING A RESEARCH PROJECT
The research process
Research problems and research questions
3. WHAT IS ETHICAL RESEARCH?
Converging principles in medical, health and social care research?
Understanding and applying the principles of ethical research
4. THE IN-DEPTH INTERVIEWING METHOD IN HEALTH
What is an in-depth interview?
Framework options for the in-depth interview
Questions and in-depth interviews
Types of questions
Doing an in-depth interview: the sequence
Practical issues in doing an interview
5. FOCUS GROUPS IN HEALTH RESEARCH
Why choose focus groups as a method of enquiry?
Planning the focus groups
Conducting the focus groups
Developing proficiency in conducting focus groups
6. NARRATIVE ENQUIRY AND HEALTH RESEARCH
What is narrative enquiry?
Narrative enquiry method
7. ETHNOGRAPHY AS HEALTH RESEARCH
A method with a long pedigree
Ethnography in health settings
Designing an ethnographic study
8. GROUNDED THEORY IN HEALTH RESEARCH
The Historical Development of Grounded Theory
Common Principles of the Grounded Theory Approach
Constant Comparative Analysis
Analytical Coding Procedures in Grounded Theory
Data Collection in Grounded Theory Research
Objectivist Versus Constructivist Grounded Theory
9. PHENOMENOLOGY AND REHABILITATION RESEARCH
Designing and conducting phenomenological research in rehabilitation practice
Data collection: conducting qualitative interviews
The role of the researcher in phenomenological research
The data analysis process
Strategies of rigour
Contribution to evidence-based practice
10. CLINICAL DATA-MINING AS PRACTICE-BASED EVIDENCE
Context for its use
Comparison with other research methods
Clinical data-mining: its advantages and drawbacks
Clinical data-mining: the process
Clinical data-mining: a case study
11. MEASURE TWICE, CUT ONCE: RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY OF CLINICAL MEASUREMENT TOOLS
How do we measure?
How are assessment tools developed?
Psychometric (measurement) properties
Criteria for selecting tests and measures in research and practice
Criteria for evaluating studies that examine the measurement properties of a tool
12. SINGLE-SUBJECT EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS IN HEALTH RESEARCH
Are RCTs and group designs always the designs of choice?
What are single-subject experimental designs?
When did SSEDs develop? Are they a popular design? Are they considered powerful?
Types of SSEDs
Analysis of SSED data
13. SURVEYS AND QUESTIONNAIRES IN HEALTH RESEARCH
Why do we use surveys and questionnaires?
What are the main survey designs?
How is measurement theory applied to survey research?
How are surveys designed?
How are survey questions constructed?
How are surveys administered?
14. HOW DO WE KNOW WHAT WE KNOW? EPIDEMIOLOGY IN HEALTH RESEARCH
The who, the where and the when
Observational studies: descriptive versus analytical epidemiology
Population health data
15. CLINICAL TRIALS: THE GOOD, THE BAD AND THE UGLY
Good trials versus bad trials
Randomised controlled trials
Issues that affect the internal validity of a randomised trial
Issues that affect the external validity of a randomised trial
Assessing the quality of clinical trials
16. EVIDENCE-BASED HEALTH CARE
Misconceptions of EBP
Appraising clinical guidelines
Implementing EBP: issues, strategies and using audit for implementation
17. EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE IN THERAPEUTIC HEALTH CARE
Evidence hierarchies and evidence quality
Therapy case study
Diagnosis case study
18. METASYNTHESIS IN HEALTH CARE RESEARCH
The ‘what’ of metasynthesis
The ‘why’ of metasynthesis
The ‘how’ of metasynthesis
19. EVERYTHING YOU WANTED TO KNOW ABOUT SYSTEMATIC REVIEWS
A step-by-step guide to conducting a systematic review
20. INTEGRATED METHODS IN HEALTH RESEARCH
Analysis, display, interpretation and synthesis of results
21. THE USE OF MIXED METHODS IN HEALTH RESEARCH
Different types of mixed methods
Why use mixed methods?
Critical appraisal of mixed methods studies
A case study: exploring reasons why women do not use breast screening
Challenges and terrors of mixing methods
In conclusion or inconclusion?
Pranee Liamputtong is a Professor of Public Health, Dean's Unit with the School of Science and Health at Western Sydney University
Karen Anderson is a lecturer in public health at La Trobe University.
Terese Bondas is a Professor of Nursing Science at Faculty of Professional Studies, University of Nordland, Norway and Adjunct Professor (Methods of Health Research), University of Eastern Finland.
Christine Carpenter current research initiatives are focused on the long-term experience and quality of life issues involved with living with a disability or chronic condition.
Megan Davidson is an associate professor and Head of the Department of Physiotherapy at La Trobe University.
Patricia Davidson is professor and Director of the Cardiovascular and Chronic Care Centre in the School of Nursing and Midwifery at Curtin University of Technology.
Priscilla Ennals is a lecturer in occupational therapy and researcher within the Living with Disability Research Centre at La Trobe University.
Deirdre Fetherstonhaugh is the Acting Director of the Australian Centre for Evidence Based Aged Care (ACEBAC) at La Trobe University.
Annemarie Gallichio (formerly Nevill) is a Lecturer with the School of Health and Social Development, Deakin University.
Leila Gholizadeh is a lecturer at the University of Technology, Sydney.
Melissa Graham is a senior lecturer in epidemiology and health research methods at Deakin University.
Carol Grbich is a professor in the School of Medicine at Flinders University.
Susan Greaves is Senior Occupational Therapist (Neurodevelopment) at the Royal Children’s Hospital.
Elizabeth Halcomb is an Associate Professor at the University of Western Sydney in the School of Nursing & Midwifery.
Elisabeth O.C. Hall is professor emerita in clinical nursing and connected to Department of Nursing Science, School of Public Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
Linsey Howie is an adjunct Associate Professor in the Department of Occupational Therapy in the School of Allied Health, La Trobe University.
Ross Iles is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Physiotherapy at Monash University.
Christine Imms’ research encompasses intervention effectiveness and outcome measurement for children.
Christine Forrester-Knauss is a research fellow in the Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Bern and at the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute in Basel, Switzerland.
Karl B. Landorf is a Senior Lecturer and Research Coordinator within the Podiatry Department at La Trobe University.
Rhonda Nay is Professor of Interdisciplinary Aged Care at La Trobe University ; Director of the Victorian and Tasmanian Dementia Training Studies Centre; Director of the Institute for Social Participation and a partner in the Dementia Collaborative Research Centre 3.
David Nilsson is a lecturer in the School of Social Work and Social Policy at La Trobe University.
Paul O’Halloran is a health psychologist and a senior lecturer, who lectures in research methods at La Trobe University.
Jane Pierson is a lecturer in the School of Public Health at La Trobe University
Priscilla Pyett is an associate professor with over 20 years’ experience as a sociologist and health researcher working with collaborative methodologies.
Paul Ramcharan is Senior Lecturer in Disability Studies, RMIT University in Melbourne.
Helen Rawson is a Research Fellow in Deakin University's School of Nursing and Midwifery and the Centre for Nursing Research Deakin University and Monash Health Partnership.
Miranda Rose is a Senior Research Fellow in the School of Human Communication Sciences at La Trobe University, and an Australian Research Council Future Fellow.
Margot Schofield is Professor of Counselling and Psychotherapy in the School of Public Health and Human Biosciences at La Trobe University, Melbourne, and Head of the Department of Counselling and Psychological Health.
Tanya Serry is a speech pathologist, lecturer and researcher at La Trobe University.
Nora Shields is an associate professor in the Department of Physiotherapy at La Trobe University.
Virginia Schmied is Professor of Midwifery and Director of Research in the School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Western Sydney and she holds a Visiting Professorship at University of Central Lancashire (UK).
Anke van der Sterren is completing her PhD on Indigenous models of public health.
Ann Taket is Professor of Health and Social Exclusion and Director of the Centre for Health through Action on Social Exclusion (CHASE) at Deakin University.
Peter Waples-Crowe is a Koori with over 20 years’ experience working in Aboriginal health and is currently a Team Leader at the Victorian Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation.
Anita Wikberg is a Senior Lecturer in Health Care at Novia University of Applied Sciences, Finland.
Jon Willis is an Associate Professor and Director of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies Unit at the University of Queensland, Australia.
Margaret Winbolt is a Senior Research Fellow in the Australian Centre for Evidence Based Aged Care, La Trobe University.
Pauline Wong is a lecturer in the School of Nursing and Midwifery at La Trobe University, Australia.
The following resources are available for lecturers using Research Methods in Health, third edition:
- Image gallery including figures, tables, diagrams from the text
- Instructor’s Manual to assist lecturers and tutors in implementing the book in their course
- Test bank of multiple choice and short answer questions
Read a sample from Research Methods in Health, third edition: