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ISBN: 9780199558926

Published: 24 Feb 11

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The Anatomy of Palms

Arecaceae - Palmae

P. Barry Tomlinson, James W. Horn, Jack B. Fisher

Palms are an economically important group of plants and support major agronomic and horticultural industries, quite apart from their regional use in the cultures of many tropical countries as sources of food, fibre, and building materials. Although easily recognized and limited by a lack of secondary growth, they range widely in size, life form, and habitat. The Anatomy of Palms provides an extensive survey of the structure and vegetative anatomy of members of the palm family (Arecaceae or Palmae) and uses the most recent molecular phylogenetic treatment of the family as the basis for interpreting the systematic and ecological significance of anatomical characters.

The first section (Palm Structure) starts with a description of the often distinctive anatomical techniques used, followed by the principles of palm development, a series of chapters on the microscopic anatomy of all the main organs, and finally an analysis of how these structures might have evolved. The second section (Systematic Anatomy) documents the systematic anatomical variation found in the subfamilies, tribes, and subtribes. The internal structure of all vegetative organs is reviewed, although lamina anatomy is emphasized. In those cases where genera are anatomically distinctive, they are described in detail. The intrinsic novelty of this approach is the innovative synthesis of the latest structural information for all genera of palms, set in a contemporary molecular phylogenetic context.

Provides a new classification of palms based on vegetative anatomy and molecular phylogenetic evidence

Includes anatomical keys to the four subfamilies, many tribes, and some genera

Written by the undisputed leaders in the field of palm anatomy and synthesizes a research career spanning 50 years

Extensive and informative colour plates provide a high visual impact and highlight key anatomical characteristics revealed by the use of stains to clearly distinguish cellular and histological features

Part 1. Introduction to Palm Structure
1: Anatomical Methods
2: Palm Structure and Classification
3: Leaf Lamina
4: Leaf Axis
5: Stem
6: Root
7: Vascular Tissues and Cell Inclusions
8: Spines
9: Molecular Phylogeny and Character Evolution
Part 2. Systematic Anatomy of Palms
10: Calamoideae
11: Nypoideae
12: Coryphoideae
13: Ceroxyloideae
14: Arecoideae

P. Barry Tomlinson , Harvard University, USA, The National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii & The Kampong Garden, Miami, Florida

James W. Horn , Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Florida & Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC

Jack B. Fisher , Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Florida

P. Barry Tomlinson is a Graduate (BSc and PhD) of the University of Leeds, with graduate study at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. He has subsequently held appointments in Singapore, West Africa, and South Florida (Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden) before moving to Harvard University. Teaching activity has been based on a broad research understanding of many tropical groups. James Horn studied botany at Cornell University (BS), University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (MS), and Duke University (PhD). Since then has been Research Associate at Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden and the Smithsonian Institution and carried out systematic and phylogenetic studies of Arecaceae, Dilleniaceae and Euphorbia. Jack Fisher studied botany at Cornell University (BS and MS) and University of California, Davis (PhD). He has subsequently been Research Scientist at Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden studying structure, development, and function of tropical plants for 37 years. His other appointments include Visiting lecturer at University of California (Berkeley), Harvard University, University of Guelph (Canada), National University of Singapore, and Institute of Ecology (Xalapa, Mexico).