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ISBN: 9780195373141

Published: 17 Aug 10

Availability: Available




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The Oxford Handbook of the History of Eugenics

Alison Bashford, Philippa Levine

Eugenic thought and practice swept the world from the late nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century in a remarkable transnational phenomenon. Eugenics informed social and scientific policy across the political spectrum, from liberal welfare measures in emerging social-democratic states to feminist ambitions for birth control, from public health campaigns to totalitarian dreams of the "perfectibility of man." This book dispels for uninitiated readers the automatic and apparently exclusive link between eugenics and the Holocaust. It is the first world history of eugenics and an indispensable core text for both teaching and research. Eugenics has accumulated generations of interest as experts attempted to connect biology, human capacity, and policy. In the past and the present, eugenics speaks to questions of race, class, gender and sex, evolution, governance, nationalism, disability, and the social implications of science. In the current climate, in which the human genome project, stem cell research, and new reproductive technologies have proven so controversial, the history of eugenics has much to teach us about the relationship between scientific research, technology, and human ethical decision-making.

Selling point: the first comprehensive collection of essays on the history of eugenics

Selling point: contributors are leading authorities in their geographic fields

Selling point: world history approach

Selling point: covers the nineteenth century to the post-World War II era

Contributors Abbreviations Introduction Eugenics and the modern world Philippa Levine and Alison Bashford Part One: Transnational themes in the history of eugenics 1. The Darwinian context: Evolution and inheritance Diane B. Paul and James Moore 2. Anthropology, colonialism, and eugenics Philippa Levine 3. Race, science, and eugenics in the twentieth century Marius Turda 4. Eugenics and the science of genetics Nils Roll-Hansen 5. Fertility control: Eugenics, neo-Malthusianism, and feminism Susanne Klausen and Alison Bashford 6. Disability, psychiatry, and eugenics Mathew Thomson 7. Eugenics and the state: Policy-making in comparative perspective Véronique Mottier 8. Internationalism, cosmopolitanism, and eugenics Alison Bashford 9. Gender and sexuality: A global tour and compass Alexandra Minna Stern 10. Eugenics and genocide A. Dirk Moses and Dan Stone Part Two: National/colonial formations 11. Eugenics in Britain: The view from the metropole Lucy Bland and Lesley Hall 12. South Asia's eugenic past Sarah Hodges 13. Eugenics in Australia and New Zealand: Laboratories of racial science Stephen Garton 14. Eugenics in China and Hong Kong: Nationalism and colonialism, 1890s-1940s Yuehtsen Juliette Chung 15. Eugenics in South Africa: Paradoxes in the place of race? Saul Dubow 16. Eugenics in colonial Kenya Chloe Campbell 17. Eugenics in post-colonial Southeast Asia Sunil S. Amrith 18. German eugenics and the wider world: Beyond the racial state Paul Weindling 19. Eugenics in France and the colonies Richard S. Fogarty and Michael A. Osborne 20. Eugenics in the Netherlands and the Dutch East Indies Hans Pols 21. The Scandinavian states: Reformed eugenics applied Mattias Tydén 22. The first-wave eugenic revolution in southern Europe: Science sans frontières Maria Sophia Quine 23. Eugenics in eastern Europe, 1870s-1945 Maria Bucur 24. Eugenics in Russia and the Soviet Union Nikolai Krementsov 25. Eugenics in Japan: Sanguinous repair Jennifer Robertson 26. Eugenics in interwar Iran Cyrus Schayegh 27. Eugenics and the Jews Raphael Falk 28. Eugenics policy and practice in Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Mexico Patience A. Schell 29. The path of eugenics in Brazil: Dilemmas of miscegenation Gilberto Hochman, Nísia Trindade Lima, and Marcos Chor Maio 30. Eugenics in the United States Wendy Kline 31. Eugenics in Canada: A chequered history, 1850s - 1990s Carolyn Strange and Jennifer A. Stephen Epilogue: Where did eugenics go? Alison Bashford Chronology Index

Edited by Alison Bashford , Visiting Professor of Australian History, Harvard University

Philippa Levine , Professor of History, University of Texas at Austin

Alison Bashford is Professor of Modern History at the University of Sydney. She has published widely on the modern history of science and medicine, including Purity and Pollution and Imperial Hygiene, and has co-edited Contagion, Isolation, and Medicine at the Border. Philippa Levine is the Mary Helen Thompson Centennial Professor in the Humanities at the University of Texas at Austin. Her books include Prostitution, Race and Politics: Policing Venereal Disease in the British Empire, and The British Empire, Sunrise to Sunset.